Old Globe

Research from Around the world

Kids Playing Tug of War

Resilience &

Strengths-Based Research 

Ashmitha, P., & Annalakshmi, N. (2020). Understanding pathways to resilience among children of incarcerated parents. Indian Journal of Positive Psychology, 11(2), 75–87.


Dawson, A., Jackson, D., & Nyamathi, A. (2012). Children of incarcerated parents: Insights to addressing a growing public health concern in Australia. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(12), 2433–2441. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.09.003


Johnson, E. I., & Easterling, B. A. (2015). Coping with confinement: adolescents’ experiences with parental incarceration. Journal of Adolescent Research, 30(2), 244–267. https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558414558593


Kautz, S. V. (2017). Adolescent adaptation to parental incarceration. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 34(6), 557–572. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-017-0493-5


Reimer, V. P. (2019). Hidden children: Using children’s literature to develop understanding and empathy toward children of incarcerated parents. Language and Literacy, 21(1), 98–121. https://doi.org/10.20360/langandlit29369


Nichols, L. (2015). Promoting educational resiliency in youth with incarcerated parents: The impact of parental incarceration, school characteristics, and connectedness on school outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(6), 1090–1109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0337-6

Zhang, J., & Flynn, C. (2020). University students/graduates who have experienced parental incarceration: A qualitative exploratory study of protective processes. Qualitative Social Work, 19(5–6), 882–900. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473325019888007

Resilience &

Strengths-Based Research 


Understanding the Diverse Effects of Parental Incarceration

Cochran, J. C., Siennick, S. E., & Mears, D. P. (2018). Social exclusion and parental incarceration impacts on adolescents’ networks and school engagement. Journal of Marriage and Family, 80(2), 478–498. http://doi.org/10.1111/jomf.12464


Hanington, D. (2020). From the inside out: Effects of parental incarceration on children. Canadian Journal of Family and Youth. 12(2), 36-47. https://doi.org/10.29173/cjfy29510


Johnson, E., & Easterling, B. (2012). Understanding unique effects of parental incarceration on children: Challenges, progress, and recommendations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 74(2), 342–356. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2012.00957.x


Kjellstrand, J., Yu, G., Eddy, J. M., & Martinez, C. R. (2018). Children of incarcerated parents: Developmental trajectories of externalizing behavior across adolescence. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45(11), 1742–1761. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854818785400


Mears, P. D., & Siennick, E. S. (2015). Young adult outcomes and the life-course penalties of parental incarceration. The Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 53(1), 3–35. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022427815592452