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Old Globe

Research from Around the world

Kids Playing Tug of War

Resilience &

Strengths-Based Research 

Ashmitha, P., & Annalakshmi, N. (2020). Understanding pathways to resilience among children of incarcerated parents. Indian Journal of Positive Psychology, 11(2), 75–87.


Dawson, A., Jackson, D., & Nyamathi, A. (2012). Children of incarcerated parents: Insights to addressing a growing public health concern in Australia. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(12), 2433–2441.


Johnson, E. I., & Easterling, B. A. (2015). Coping with confinement: adolescents’ experiences with parental incarceration. Journal of Adolescent Research, 30(2), 244–267.


Kautz, S. V. (2017). Adolescent adaptation to parental incarceration. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 34(6), 557–572.


Reimer, V. P. (2019). Hidden children: Using children’s literature to develop understanding and empathy toward children of incarcerated parents. Language and Literacy, 21(1), 98–121.


Nichols, L. (2015). Promoting educational resiliency in youth with incarcerated parents: The impact of parental incarceration, school characteristics, and connectedness on school outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(6), 1090–1109.

Zhang, J., & Flynn, C. (2020). University students/graduates who have experienced parental incarceration: A qualitative exploratory study of protective processes. Qualitative Social Work, 19(5–6), 882–900.

Resilience &

Strengths-Based Research 


Understanding the Diverse Effects of Parental Incarceration

Cochran, J. C., Siennick, S. E., & Mears, D. P. (2018). Social exclusion and parental incarceration impacts on adolescents’ networks and school engagement. Journal of Marriage and Family, 80(2), 478–498.


Hanington, D. (2020). From the inside out: Effects of parental incarceration on children. Canadian Journal of Family and Youth. 12(2), 36-47.


Johnson, E., & Easterling, B. (2012). Understanding unique effects of parental incarceration on children: Challenges, progress, and recommendations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 74(2), 342–356.


Kjellstrand, J., Yu, G., Eddy, J. M., & Martinez, C. R. (2018). Children of incarcerated parents: Developmental trajectories of externalizing behavior across adolescence. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45(11), 1742–1761.


Mears, P. D., & Siennick, E. S. (2015). Young adult outcomes and the life-course penalties of parental incarceration. The Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 53(1), 3–35.